California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
California Rifles
(French Guard)
A San Francisco member of the California Militia. Based on the French style kepi, he may be a member of the California Rifles (French Guard).
Official or Other Names: California Rifles (French Guard), Company H, First Infantry Regiment, Second Brigade
Location: San Francisco, San Francisco County
Armory Location: South side of Pine Street near Montgomery Street
Mustered In: 1860
Date of Disbanding: 1862
Commanding Officers
Michael Labertard, Captain; commissioned January 18, 1861
Louis Fudon, First Lieutenant; commissioned January 18, 1861
Unit papers on file at the California State Archives:

a. Organization Papers none
b. Bonds 2 documents (1860-1862)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) none
d. Election Returns none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns none
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices none
j. Requisitions none
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none

Official History:

No exact date of organization and muster in of the California Rifles was obtainable other than the-year of 1860. The company had furnished the necessary bonds and on June 28, 1861,. Adjutant General Kibbe issued fifty muskets and all the necessary accoutrements to the unit.

The company was composed of French citizens who were enterprising men and were vitally concerned in the welfare of their adopted country. The unit was unfortunate in that the duly elected officers would hold office for a few months and then resign. General Kibbe expressed the hope that the company might be placed on a permanent basis in membership and efficiency or else the unit would be disbanded. [1]

Apparently the company was too weak to warrant its existence for there was no mention of the unit in the Report of the Adjutant General of 1862. A new bond for $3,000 was filed by Theo. A. Mitchell who evidently had been elected as Captain of the company in 1862, but it is assumed the company was disbanded soon after the election. [2]


1. Adjutant General Report 1861, Page 84.
2. Bonds on file at the California State Archives.


This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library
Updated 9 December 2014