California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Crusade Rangers
Official or other titles: Crusade Rangers, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, California Militia
Location: Watsonville, Santa Cruz County
Mustered in: January 16, 1858
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1858

Commanding Officers

Prewitt Sinclair , Captain
P. Wise, First Lieutenant
Unit peprs on file at the California State Archives:

a. Organization Papers 3 documents (1858)
b. Bonds none
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 2 documents (1858)
d. Election Returns none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 1 document (1858)
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices none
j. Requisitions none
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none

Official History

Brigham Young, Governor of the Territory of Utah, and his Morman followers were experiencing difficulties with the Federal Government and more trouble was apprehended, necessitating aid from the California Militia. Therefore, the pioneers in California appreciating the need of men to give their services began to organize volunteer companies to be prepared for their country's call.

On January 1, 1858, E. N. Bunn, Superintendent, of Soquil issued a notice stating that, "By Order of Honorable Henry Rice, County Judge of Santa Cruz County, the members of the independent company of cavalry were requested to meet at the office of Richard Scott in Watsonville on the sixteenth day of January A.D. 1858, at one o'clock P.M. to organize and elect officers" The meeting was held punsuant to the call with E. N. Bunn in the presiding chair and A. E. Devoe acting as Secretary. After roll call the members proceeded with the election of officers. Sixty-six men were present to sign the Muster Roll and the company was designated as the Crusade Rangers of the California Mounted Volunteers of the First Brigade, Second Division.

When the papers for the new organization were sent to the Adjutant General a note was enclosed as quoted: "Captain Prewitt Sinclair of the Crusade Rangers is an old trapper, having been! in the mountains contiguous to Salt Lake for sixteen years and is well acquainted with all the Indians in the vicinity, speaks three different Indian languages and knows their general character.". This note was unsigned. Second Lieutenant Bunn communicated with the Adjutant General on the fourteenth of March at the request of the company to inquire, "if the General thought there would be a call on California for volunteers to Salt Lake, and if the call did come would the Adjutant General favor their company by representing them and have them accepted. Also to please forward the necessary papers to him self (Lt. Bunn). The Lieutenant further stated that the company was very uneasy and the men were afraid they would not be called, and also extended his complimentary wishes to Adjutant General Kibbe for the General's newly received nomination for the position of Quartermaster-General.

As there is no printed Report of the Adjutant General for the year of 1858, there is no record to indicate how long the company may have existed, and historical records of the Mormon trouble only lists Federal companies as having participated in the combat, therefore, it is assumed that the Crusade Rangers disbanded shortly after organization since their services were not needed.

This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library
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