California State Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Eureka Blues

Official or Other Titles:
Eureka Blues, Company D, 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, California Militia
Date of Organization: May 7, 1856
Date of Disbanding: Unknown
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1856
Location: Eureka City, Sierra County
Records on file at the California State Archives

a. Organization Papers none
b. Bonds 1 document (1856)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 1 document (1856)
d. Election Returns 1 document (1856)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 1 document (1856)
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices none
j. Requisitions 1 document (1856)
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none
8. Miscellaneous:

Commanding Officers
Justus Brogg, Captain, Commissioned: May 27, 1856
D. W. Mitchell, First-Lieutenant, Commissioned: May 27, 1856
Official History

It was the desire of residents of Eureka City, Sierra County, to have an efficient militia in the community in order to enjoy peaceful conditions and still be prepared to bid defiance to any attack by hostile Indians. Therefore, the pioneers who had settled in this new territory set the wheels of fortune toward the completion of a volunteer company of the Guard. This ambition brought about the formation of the Eureka Blues. On May 3, 1856, a meeting of organization was held. This meeting adjourned until May seventh when the officers were elected and the necessary business attended to. A bond of $2,000 was filed on May fifteenth and signed by Justus Brogg, H. G. Harvey and D. W. Mitchell, to cover the arms and equipment. No arms were ever issued to this company under the bond, nor was there any record of activities having been participated in by the company.

Eureka City, which was a flourishing mining camp at that time, was one of the many cities which was destroyed by fire in the early days. In December of 1856, a fire started in the New Orleans Hotel and burned through the town. It was evident that because of this disaster many of the residents moved on to other locations, and the few left did not have sufficient numerical strength nor ardor to continue a militia guard. There was no official mustering out date for this company and it is assumed that the Eureka Blues disbanded by mutual consent of its members.

This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library
Updated 26 January 2015