Historic California Posts, Camps,
Stations and Airfields
Fort Cronkhite: Anti-Aircraft
Battery No. 1
No. 1, Wolf Ridge, Fort Cronkhite, July 24, 1940. One of Three
3-inch Guns Mounted on Concrete. Presidio Army Museum Archives,
Golden Gate National Recreation Area, San Francisco.
by Justin Ruhge
Anti-Aircraft Battery No. 1 was located
at Wolf Ridge. It had three permanently mounted 3-inch guns,
Model 1917A1. The facilities associated with this battery were
a combined storeroom and power plant structure, dug-in splinter-proof
construction; dimensions: storeroom, 16 by 12 by 7 feet; power
plant 12 by 12 by 7 feet; and a magazine of similar construction
with dimensions: 26 by 16.5 by 8 feet. A director pit, concrete
well-type with sliding steel frame roof; dimensions, 10 by 10
by 4 feet 8 inches high and a height finder base made of concrete
and having a diameter of 10 feet. The director was located 1,000
feet east of the battery. The battery, designated AA Battery
No. 1, was completed on August 26, 1940.
Because of its remote location, this battery
was still in good condition in 1981.
Underground quarters for
soldiers at Anti-Aircraft Battery No. 1, Wolf Ridge Fort Cronkhite,
March 12, 1942. Presidio Army Museum Archives, No. 342B, 2ABO.
Golden Gate National Recreation Area, San Francisco,
fully employed to conceal an M1917 3-Inch Anti-Aircraft Gun at