Historic California Posts, Camps, Stations and Airfields
Fort Montgomery
In July 1846 Captain John Berrien Montgomery, commander of the U.S. Sloop Portsmouth and the ship's Marines, established the post at Punta del Embarcadero (Clark's Point). in what is now downtown San Francisco, immediately after the American occupation of San Francisco Bay in the first days of the war with Mexico. Lieutenant Misroon landed a party of blue jackets and marines from the Portsmouth and constructed a battery the point. This was called "the battery" and gave the name to Battery Street, whose lines intersect it at Broadway. The work was begun about July 17th. High on the steep bluff facing the bay
Misroon excavated a terrace whereon he mounted a battery of five guns, two brass pieces from the old Spanish fort; two from Sonoma, and one brass twelve pounder dug up at the Presidio where it had been buried. On July 20, the captain reported that "we are progressing very well with the new fort...and I have in view to erect a block house also, in a position to overlook the fort and command the town and hills in its, rear" (Forts of the West, pp. 27-28). Although there are archival references to the fort, abandoned in 1847, there is no indication that it was ever officially designated Fort Montgomery. One historical chronologist places the fort's site in Portsmouth Square at Washington and Kearny streets.
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Updated 5 October 2016