Historic California Posts, Camps,
Stations and Airfields
Fort Pio Pico
by Robert B. Roberts
In 1901 a sub-post was constructed across
the channel on North Island's, Zuniga Shoal Track and named Fort
Pio Pico. The post was named after the last Mexican governor
of Alta California, Pio Pico. The fort contained a battery of
two 3-inch, 15 pound, model 1903 seacoast guns which were installed
in 1904. Except for caretakers who lived at the fort, soldiers
crossed the channel daily from Fort Rosecrans to man these guns.
With 1917 and the thrust of the United States into World War
I., Fort Rosecrans served as Headquarters for the Coast Defense
of San Diego with Fort Pio Pico and the San Diego Barracks being
its sub-posts, During the war Battery McGrath's 5-inch guns were
removed and shipped overseas. But in 1919 with the abandonment
of Fort Pio Pico the two 3-inch guns that had been there were
brought to Fort Rosecrans and installed in the gunless Battery
The only structures built by the Army at Fort Pio Pico were Battery
Meed and a cable terminal box. T. The post was abandoned by the
Army in the 1920s and subsequently turned over to the Navy with
the rest of the old Army Rockwell Air Field on North Island (est.
1917) in 1935. Subsequent construction has obliterated these
structures and even the site itself.
(1) Battery Meed was damaged
by storm waves in 1914. After Battery Meed's guns were removed
in 1919, the post and the rest of North Island was turned over
to the Navy in 1935. All trace has been destroyed by the development
of the Naval Air Station.
Questions and comments concerning
this site should be directed to the Webmaster