Historic California Posts, Camps, Stations and Airfields
Hammond General Hospital
(including Vernalis Reconditioning Center and Vernalis Prisoner of War Branch Camp)
 
 
Main Gate, Hammond General Hospital

 

History
by Sgt Maj Daniel M. Sebby, Military Historian, California Military Department

On 2 March 1942, the initial acreage required for the establishment of Hammond General Hospital was acquired by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) by fee purchase from the County of Stanislaus with an additional 40 acres acquired on 16 June 1942 by condemnation proceedings against the Modesto Irrigation District. Almost immediately after acquiring the first parcel of land, the USACE began building the 2,540 bed general hospital using standard Quartermaster Corps (who had the U.S. Army’s general construction mission prior to 4 December 1941) and USACE 700-, 800-, and 1100-series plans for wood framed wards, clinics, barracks, and support buildings. On the eastern portion of the hospital, a cantonment area using mostly TOS-series buildings was constructed for hospital patient and garrison overflow as well as for Army Ground Forces units training at the hospital. Hammond General Hospital specialized in neurology, general and orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery and psychiatry. On 6 March 1943, the hospital was designated as one of five thoracic surgery centers, and the only one on the West Coast. The center remained at Hammond General Hospital until August 1944 when it was transferred to Baxter General Hospital in Spokane, Washington. Hammond General Hospital also maintained six “detention wards” for the mentally ill and a prison ward, all of which were surrounded by security fencing.

The hospital was named in honor of Brigadier General William Alexander Hammond (1828-1900), who was appointed as the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862. Hammond energetically began reforming the Medical Department. He eliminated much of the red tape of the prewar service, created the general hospital service, saw that competent medical men were appointed to high-level positions, provided assistance and medical information to surgeons in the field, and oversaw the establishment of an efficient ambulance corps. Hammond also created two large government operated drug laboratories to produce high quality medicines for the army. Hammond could be autocratic and tactless, and he clashed with Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. As a result, Stanton had him court-martialed on a petty charge and dismissed from the army in August 1864. After the Civil War, Hammond was the primary impetus behind the founding of the American Neurological Association and his signature was the first listed on the original membership invitation letter of 1874. Hammond's court-martial was overturned in 1878 by an act of Congress, and he was restored to the rank of brigadier general. He was placed on the retired list the following year and continued his efforts to advance the field of neurology.

In addition to the hospital’s permanent garrison, Service Command Unit (SCU) 1975, at least two Army Ground Forces units, the 47th and 77th Field Hospitals, were stationed at Hammond General Hospital prior to their deployment overseas. SCU 1975 was subordinate to the Army Service Forces’ 9th Service Command headquartered at Fort Douglas, Utah.

By 1945, the Hammond General Hospital was a 2,556-bed facility with approximately 240 buildings and other structures, including 78 wards, clinics, barracks, offices, warehouses, 6 mess halls, pump houses, and utility shops. The building inventory is presented in Table 3-2 and the general layout is shown in figures 3-1 through 3-5.

4,427 linear feet of railway siding that spurs off of Southern Pacific Railroad Fresno Line used for patient and freight transportation; road system consists of 1,796 square yards of paved (bituminous) roads, 18,276 square yards of gravel roads, and 30,286 square yards of paved parking and storage area;

The 31 December 1945 War Department report, Owned, Leased and Sponsored Facilities, Hammond General Hospital is shown to have operated a convalescent section and a 250 man prisoner of war branch camp located near the town of Vernalis. This information is included in this report for operational history purposes only and this site is not otherwise included in this report.

In December 1945 Hammond General Hospital was closed by the U.S. Army. With the closing of the hospital, the State of California set its eyes on the facility as a possible state mental hospital. On 20 December 1945, Governor Earl Warren sent a telegraph to the Federal Surplus Property Administration (after March 1946, the War Assets Administration (WAA)) expressing an interest in acquiring the former Hammond General Hospital for that purpose. On 9 April 1946, the USACE reported the Site as surplus to the needs of the U.S. Army to the WAA who assumed jurisdiction over the Site.

In a letter dated 19 April 1946 to Lieutenant General E.B. Gregory, Chairman of the WAA; General Omar N. Bradley, Director of the Veterans Administration, waived any claim to the hospital, thus clearing the way for the State of California to obtain the Site. On 17 November 1946, the WAA granted a Right of Entry to the State of California to begin the process of converting the former Hammond General Hospital into a state hospital pending a formal transfer of the facility. Through the WAA, the former Hammond General Hospital and its assets (i.e., medical and support equipment) were quitclaim deeded to the State of California on 20 October 1947, who operated it as the Modesto State Hospital under the Department of Mental Hygiene (After 1971, Department of Mental Health) until 1970.

On 6 and 10 August 1970, the State of California respectively quitclaimed the former Hammond General Hospital/Modesto State Hospital to the Yosemite Junior College District and the County of Stanislaus. On 17 March 1947 and 12 October 1978, the County of Stanislaus quitclaimed two parcels to the Yosemite Junior College District. The Yosemite Junior College District developed their portions of the Site into the West Campus of Modesto Junior College. The County of Stanislaus has developed their portion of the former Hammond General Hospital/Modesto State Hospital into a consolidated juvenile justice center.

 
Army Units Assigned to Hammond General Hospital
 

 Data Source

Date(s)

 Unit(s)
 Army of the United States Station List  1 June 1943
Army Service Forces:
  • 77th General Hospital
  • 1975th Service Command Unit (Station Complement)
 Army of the United States Station List  7 April 1945
Army Service Forces:
  • 1975th Service Command Unit (Station Complement)
    • Area Veterinary Detachment
    • Women's Army Corps Detachment
 
 

Building Inventory

Building No.

Army Use / State Hospital Use

Type

Comment

T-1

Dental Clinic / Out Patient After Care Clinic

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1445, 25x112

T-2

Infirmary / Psychology

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1429(A) 25x81.  Used for outpatient services.

T-3

Nurses Quarters / Employee Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1237(C-6), 29x80

T-4

Nurses Quarters / Employee Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-1239, 29x80

T-5

Gate

Data not available

Data not available

T-6

Nurses Quarters / Employee Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A), 29x150

T-7

Nurses Quarters / Employee Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A), 29x150

T-8

Nurses Quarters /Employee Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A),  29x150

T-9

Nurse & Officer Recreation Building / Auditorium (Recreation Room)

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-1120(A), 45x135

T-10

Data not available

Data not available

Data not available

T-11

Clinic / Admissions Unit

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-474, 25x150.  The January 1946 Public Health Service report identifies this building as a laboratory.

T-12

Clinic / Eye Clinic

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-484(A), 25x111.  The December 1946 Public Health Service report identifies this building as the Gastroenterology Urology Clinic.

T-13

Officers’ Mess / Employee’s Dining Room

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1530(1) 45x85

T-14

Officers’ Quarters / Physician’s Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A), 29x150

T-15

Officers’ Quarters / Social Services

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A), 29x150

T-16

Administration / Administration

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1417, 92x120

T-17

Nurses Quarters / Nursing Education Director and Instructors

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A), 29x150

T-18

Nurses Quarters / Employee Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A), 29x150

T-19

Nurses Quarters / Employee Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A), 29x150

T-20

Nurses Quarters / Employee Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1240(A), 29x150

T-21

Nurses Mess / Patients Dining Room

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1530(1), 44x129

T-22

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1), 34x150

T-26

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 1100-665, 34x150

T-24

Combination Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1), 34x150

T-25

Combination Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1), 34x150

T-26

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 1100-665, 34x150

T-27

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-28

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-29

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-30

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-31

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-32

Eyes, Ears, Nose & Throat Clinic / Pharmacy, Library Staff and Offices

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1507, 47x160

T-33

Clinic & Surgery / Clinic, Dressing, Anesthetist and Offices

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1519, 33x184

T33 ½

Dental Clinic / Dental Clinic

Wood Frame

Plan 124-25-188, 30x80

T-34

X-Ray & Medical Library Building / Clinic, X-Ray, Surgical-Internal Medicine

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1519, 25x152

T-35

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-36

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-37

Standard Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-38

Standard Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-39

Standard Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood  floor

Plan 1100-600, 34x150

T-40

Standard Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-41

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-42

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150.  Public Health Service report identifies this building as the maternity ward with a capacity of 10 bassinettes.

T-43

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-44

Combination Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-45

Combination Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-46

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-47

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-48

Standard Ward / Patients Dining Room

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-600, 34x150

T-49

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-50

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-51

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-52

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-53

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-54

Physiotherapy / Physiotherapy Transient Unit

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-438(8), 25x1638

T54 ½

Central Supply

Data not available

23.33x18.17

T-55

Telephone Building / Telephone Building

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 124-25-38(1-2), 25x50

T-56

Post Office / Post Office, Linen Service and Barber Shop

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-210(A-1) 28x92

T-57

Post Exchange / Canteen

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1412(A-1), 37x118

T-58

Patient Recreation Building / Rehabilitative Services and Theater

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1487, 117x146

T-59

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-60

Standard Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-61

Standard Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-62

Standard Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-600, 34x150

T-63

Standard Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-64

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-65

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-66

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-67

Combination Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-68

Combination Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-463(H-1) 34x150

T-69

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-70

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-71

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-72

Patients Mess / Main Kitchen

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1536(2), 41x181

T-73

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-600, 34x150

T-74

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-75

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-76

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-77

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-78

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-79

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-80

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-81

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-462(E-1), 34x150

T-82

Standard Ward/ Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-600, 34x150

T-83 

Patients Mess / Patient Dining Room

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1536(2), 41x181

T-84

Detention Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150. Surrounded by security fencing.

T-85

Detention Ward / Men’s Ward /

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150. Surrounded by security fencing.

T-86

Detention Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150. Surrounded by security fencing.

T-87

Detention Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150. Surrounded by security fencing.

T-88

Detention Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150. Surrounded by security fencing.

T-89

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-90

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-91

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-92

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-93

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-94

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-95

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-96

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-97

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-98

Medical Detachment Barracks

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-99

Medical Detachment Administration / Occupational Therapy Shop

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-210(A-1), 20x60

T-100

Medical Detachment Mess / Patients Dining Room

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-1536(2), 41x181

T-101

Mess Office / Sewing Room, Upholstery and Cooler Storage

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-210(A-1), 25x70

T-102

Storehouse / Upholstery Shop

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-103

Storehouse / Sewing Room

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-104

Storehouse / Clothing Marking Room

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-105

Storehouse / Carpenter Storehouse

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-106

Supply Office / Occupational Therapy

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-210(A-1), 25x110

T-107

Storehouse / Storehouse

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-108

Storehouse / Storehouse

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-109

Storehouse / Storehouse

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-110

Storehouse / Storehouse

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-111

Medical Detachment Barracks / Employee’s Quarters

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-1204(B-1), 30x150

T-112

Theater / Theater, Storeroom

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-5843, 50x105

T-113

Carport

Wood frame

20x90

T-114

Recreation Building / Shoe shop and Storeroom

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 124-25-71, 60x142

T-115

Quartermaster Warehouse / Main Store Room

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 800-654, 80x150

T-116

Warehouse / Bakery

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan TO-700-6005, 50x160

T-117

Boiler House/Central Heating Plant /Boiler House

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 124-25-71&98, 45-115. 

T-118

Morgue / Morgue

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 800-1454(A), 29x42

T-119

Guardhouse / Apartments 21 and 22

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 700-440(E), 28x58

T-120

Fire Station Fire Station

Wood frame, wood & concrete floor

Plan 700-439(B), 32x95.  Room for four pumpers.

T-121

Utility Shop/Post Engineer / Maintenance Office

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 800-1541, 25x75

T-122

Garage / Garage

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan700-465, 26x100

T-123

Quartermaster Laundry / Laundry

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 700-1421(1), 55x244

T-124

Storehouse / Storehouse

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-125

Storehouse / Storehouse

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-461(C-1), 32x120

T-126

Hospital Shop / Shop, Gardner

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-1545(1), 25x96

T-127

Paint Shop / Office

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 800-1543, 24x146

T-128

Gasoline Station / Gasoline Station

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 800-601(8-1), 20x20, 12,000 gal. capacity

T-129

Apartment

Wood frame

Plan 800-1543, 20x25.33

T-130

Typewriter Spray Room

Data not available.

Not specified, 6x10

T-133

Gas Pump

Data not available.

Data not available.

T-134

Storage

Data not available.

14x20

T-135

Storehouse / Bang House

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 800-663(A-1), 28x52

T-136

Swimming Pool

Concrete

75x200.  Built with nonappropriated funds.  Not built to Army standards. 

T-141

Automotive Repair Shop /Gasoline Station

Data not available

Data not available

T-142

Dispatch Office / Dispatch Office

Data Not Available

14x26

T-149

Gas Chamber

Wood frame, dirt floor

Modified Plan 1600-150, 20x52

T-150

Automotive Repair Shop / Repair Shop Garage

Data not available

26x46

T-151

Utility Shop / Utility Shops

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 150-25-336, 25x310.  Added to by Modesto State Hospital

T-152

Warehouse / Warehouse

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 800-664(A-2), 25x110.  Added to by Modesto State Hospital.

T-153

Equipment Shed / Paint Office and Maintenance Shop

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-373(2), 25x60

T-154

Sewage Disposal Plant / Sewage Disposal Plant

Data not available

Plan 124-25-18(1), 107.75x 112.75

T-155

Sewage Disposal Plant / Incinerator

Data not available

Plan 414-43-227.1, 21x23.75  3 tons per 8 hours.

T-156

Well & Pumphouse No. 1 / Well & Pumphouse

Unspecified

Plan 150-25-270.2, 15x28

T-157

Well & Pumphouse No. 2 / Well & Pumphouse

Unspecified

Plan 150-25-270.2, 12x15

T-158

Well & Pumphouse No. 3 / Well & Pumphouse

Unspecified

Plan 150-25-270.2, 10x15

T-159

Well & Pumphouse No. 4 / Well & Pumphouse

Unspecified

Plan 150-25-270.2, 10x15

T-160

Sewage Pumping Station / Sewage Pumping Station

Data not available

Plan 124-25-19. 12.75 inch diameter

T-161

Hot House

Data not available

Data not available

T-162

Cold Storage Building / Cold Storage, Butcher Shop

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 800-1265(1), 40x70

T-163

Quartermaster Administration / Patient’s Storeroom

Wood frame & floor

Plan TO-700-5201, 20x100

T-170

Apartment 25

Data not available

Plan C-39.  10x17

T-171

Flagpole / Flagpole

Data not available

Data not available

T-172

Paint and Oil Storage. Spray Booth

Data not available

25x50

T-173

Well and Pumphouse No. 5

Data not available

7.5x8.3

T-180

Storm Drain Pumphouse / Storm Drain Pumphouse

Data not available

Plan 124-13-61.  6.83x7.34

T-190

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-191

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-192

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-193

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-194

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-195

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-196

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-197

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-198

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-199

Auxiliary Water Well / Steam Line Return Pump Shed

Data not available

Plan 124-13-91.  7.5x8.3  For fire fighting.

T-301

Unknown / Superintendent’s Residence

Data not available

Plan 124-125-173. 30x126. 

T-302

Receiving / Apartments 2 and 3

Wood frame & floor

Plan 150-25-690, 35x150.  Hospital record stored in the western half of this building.   The remainder was used for patient receiving and administration.

T-303

Officers’ Quarters / Apartments 7, 8, and 9

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-1240(A-3), 29x120

T-304

Nurses’ Quarters / Apartments 13, 14, and 15

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-1240(A-3), 29x120

T-307

Bath & Patients Effects Building / Apartments 4, 5, and 6

Wood frame , wood floor

Plan 150-25-691, 30x118

T-308

Nurses’ Quarters / Apartments 10, 11, and 12

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-1240(A-3), 29x120

T-309

Officers’ Quarters  / Apartments 16, 17, and 18

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-1240(A-3), 29x120

T-314

Eyes, Ears, Nose & Throat Clinic

Wood frame & floor

Plan 124-25-64, 34x150

T-315

Medical Clinic / Musical Therapy

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-1563, 25x160.  The January Public Health Service identifies this building was used for electrocardiogram, blood bank, and biological and medical research services.

T-316

Combination Ward  / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-665, 34x150

T-317

Combination Ward  / Men’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-665, 34x150

T-318

Combination Ward  / Men’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-665, 34x150

T-319

Regimental Chapel / Chapel

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-550, 40x95

T-325

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150

T-326

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150

T-327

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150

T-328

Combination Ward / Men’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-665, 34x150

T-329

Library / Library

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-980, 29.5x76

T-334

Post Exchange / Recreation Hall

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-1401, 25x124

T-335

Patients Mess / Patient’s Dining Room

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-3131, 46x181

T-336

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150

T-337

Standard Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-660, 34x150

T-338

Detention Ward / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-670, 34x150.  Surrounded by security fencing.

T-339

Combination Ward (Prison) / Women’s Ward

Wood frame & floor

Plan 1100-665, 34x150.  Surrounded by security fencing.

T-343

Storehouse / Storehouse

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 1100-1020, 32x120

T-344

Storehouse / Storehouse

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 1100-1020, 32x120

T-345

Mess & Supply Office / Apartments 19 and 20

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 700-397, 25x80

T-401

Noncommissioned Officers’ Recreation Building / Apartment 24

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-210(A-1), 25x100

T-402

Quartermaster Storehouse / Property Warehouse

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 150-25-688, 79x150

T-403

Gymnasium / Gymnasium

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 700-5888, 99.5x160

T-450

Main Transformer Base / Main Transformer Base

Data not available

18x20

T-500

Main gas meter & gatehouse / Master Gas Meter House

Data not available

Plan 124-13-6.1(2), 8x20

T-501

Nurses’ Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-321(A-1), 29x136

T-502

Nurses’ Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-321(A-1), 29x116

T-503

Administration

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-12, 20x120

T-504

Nurses’ Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-321(A-1), 29x136

T-505

Officers & Nurses Mess

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-15, 20x140

T-506

School Building

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-13

T-507

Officers Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-508

Officers Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-510

Officers Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-511

Officers Lavatory

Wood frame concrete floor

Plan 700-285(5), 18x22

T-512

Officers Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-514

Officers Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-515

Officers Quarters

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-517

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-518

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-519

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-520

Company Administration & Storehouse

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-6(1), 20x72

T-521

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-522

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-523

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-524

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-525

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-526

Lavatory

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan 700-28-7(C-1), 25x102

T-527

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-528

Mess Hall / Storage

Wood frame & floor

Plan 800-1170(A-2), 110x140

T-530

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-531

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-532

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-533

Lavatory

Wood frame & floor

Plan 700-6603, 20x32

T-534

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-535

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-536

Warehouse

Wood frame, concrete floor

Plan TOS-25-16, 62x62

T-537

Recreation Building

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-4(1), 20x72

T-538

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

T-539

Barracks

Wood frame & floor

Plan TOS-25-7(2), 20x100

 
Vernalis Reconditioning Center and Vernalis Prisoner of War Branch Camp
 
In 1943, the U. S. Department of Agriculture acquired 51.7 acres of land from a private party for use in the Emergency Rubber Project. In 1944, the Federal Works Administration (FWA) assumed accountability for the property and later that year transferred it to the War Department. The site was known as Vernalis Prisoner of War Camp; Hammond General Hospital Convalescent Retraining Facility, Vernalis Site; and Vernalis Reconditioning Center.
 
The site was used by Hammod General Hospital as a convalescence and physical reconditioning center. It was also a branch of the Stockton Ordnance Depot Prisoner of War Camp that held 275German Prisoners of War that supported Hammond General Hospital as well as being used in the local farming community.

Improvements made to the site during the War Department's ownership included 50 shelters, 2 utility buildings, 13 comfort stations, an administration building, a supervisor's barracks, 6
isolation units, 27 garbage units, and a mess hall.

In 1946, the 51.7 acres were transferred from the War Department to the FWA. The site is owned by private owners and the State of California.
 
 
Historical Data Card, Post Camp Station of Airfield, US Army Center of Military History
 
 
 
 
US Army Corps of Engineers Maps
 
Site Map, Hammond General Hospital
 
Click for larger image.
 
Real Estate Map, Vernalis Prisoner of War Branch Camp
 
Click for larger image
 
Extract, War Department Inventory of Owned, Sponsored and Leased Facilities, 1945
 
Hammond General Hospital
  • Normal Bed Capacity:
  • Capacity:
  • Acreage
  • Storage:
  • Cost to Government Since 1 July 1940:
     
    Vernalis Reconditioning Center and Prisoner of War Camp
  • Normal Bed Capacity:
    • Permanent Buildings:
    • Temporary Buildings: 938
    • Total: 938
  • Capacity:
    • Enlisted:
      • Permanent Buildings:
      • Mobilization Buildings:
      • Theater of Operations Buildings:
      • Hutments:
      • Tents:
      • Total:
    • Officers:
  • Acreage
    • Owned: 52 acres
    • Leased:
    • Total: 52 acres
  • Storage:
    • Covered:
    • Open:
  • Cost to Government Since 1 July 1940:
    • Annual lease payments:
    • Land:
    • Construction:
    • Total (less annual leases):
      Remarks: 52 acres under permit from Federal Works Agency. Declared surplus on 21 December 1945.
     
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    Updated 8 February 2016