California State Military Department
The California State Military Museum
Preserving California's Military Heritage
Lineages and Honors of the California National Guard
149th Armor Regiment

Organized 5 August 1895 in the California National Guard at Salinas as Troop C, Cavalry
 
Redesignated 1 May 1911 as Troop C, 1st Squadron of Cavalry
 
Mustered into Federal service 26 June 1916 at Sacramento; mustered out of Federal service 17 November 1916 at Los Angeles
 
Drafted into Federal service 5 November 1917
 
Reorganized and redesignated 3 October 1917 as Company B, 145th Machine Gun Battalion, an element of the 40th Division
 
Demobilized 20 May 1919 at the Presidio of San Francisco, California
 
Reorganized and Federally recognized 18 June 1924 in the California National Guard at Salinas as the 40th Tank Company and assigned to the 40th Division
 
Reorganized and redesignated 1 September 1940 as Company C, 194th Tank Battalion, and relieved from assignment to the 40th Division
 
Inducted into Federal service 10 February 1941 at Salinas
 
Surrendered 9 April 1942 to the Japanese 14th Army in the Philippine Islands
 
Inactivated 2 April 1946 in the Philippine Islands
 
Expanded and redesignated 21 June 1946 as the 199th Tank Battalion
 
Reorganized and Federally recognized 27 May 1947 with Headquarters at Salinas
 
Reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1949 as the 149th Heavy Tank Battalion and assigned to the 49th Infantry Division
 
Reorganized and redesignated 1 September 1950 as the 149th Tank Battalion
 
Consolidated 1 May 1959 with the 170th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion (see ANNEX) and consolidated unit reorganized and redesignated as the 149th Armor, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st Medium Tank Battalion and the 2d Reconnaissance Squadron, elements of the 49th Infantry Division
 
Reorganized 1 March 1963 to consist of the 1st and 3d Battalions, elements of the 49th Infantry Division, and the 4th Medium Tank Battalion
 
Reorganized 1 April 1964 to consist of the 1st and 3d Battalions, elements of the 49th Infantry Division, and the 4th Battalion
 
Reorganized 29 January 1968 to consist of the 1st Battalion
 
Reorganized 13 January 1974 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 40th Infantry Division
 
Withdrawn 19 January 1988 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System
 
(1st Battalion ordered into active Federal service 1 May 1992 at home stations; released 9 May 1992 from active Federal service and reverted to state control)
Annex
Constituted 13 July 1946 in the California National Guard as the 118th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized
 
Organized and Federally recognized 8 June 1949 as the 118th Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, with Headquarters at Red Bluff
 
Reorganized and redesignated 15 September 1949 as the 2d Battalion, 111th Armored Cavalry
 
Converted and redesignated 1 June 1954 as the 170th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion

Campaign Participation Credit
 
World War I
Streamer without inscription
World War II
Philippine Islands
 
Company C (Santa Cruz), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:
World War II
Aleutian Islands

Decorations

Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered DEFENSE OF THE PHILIPPINES
 
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered LUZON 1941-1942
 
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered BATAAN PENINSULA
 
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 7 DECEMBER 1941 TO 10 MAY 1942

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