Historic California Posts, Camps,
Stations and Airfields
Naval Hospital, San Diego: Units
2 (Balboa Park Annex/Camp Kidd), 4 (Contagin and Rehabilitation
Units) and 5 (Baggage Center)
(Naval Training Camp)
Naval Hospital Corps
School, Naval Station San Diego Unit 2 (Balboa Park Annex/Camp
Kidd) circa December 1944
US Army Corps of Engineers Los Angeles
District History (2004)
Site Name: Naval Hospital Units
2, 4, & 5; Unit 2 was also known as the Balboa Park Annex
during World War II and as the Naval Training Camp during World
I; Unit 4 was also known as the Contagion Unit and the Rehabilitation
Unit; and Unit 5 was also known as the Baggage Center.
Location: The Naval Hospital Units 2, 4, & 5 sites are located
in three separate areas in Balboa Park, San Diego, California.
Unit 2 occupied buildings in the Prado area of the park. Unit
located in the southwest part of the park. Unit 5 was located
in the northwest part of the park.
Site History: Museum and exhibition buildings in the Prado area
of Balboa Park were first occupied from 1914 to 1917 by the U.S.
Marines' Second Battalion of the Fourth Regiment along with a
field hospital manned by Naval personnel, and again during World
War I from 1917 to 1919 for the so-called Naval Training Camp.
All of these uses are expected to have been primarily medical
Shortly after 7 December 1941, following entry of the U.S. into
World War II, the Navy took over from the city 33.0 acres and
29 exhibition buildings in the Prado area for Naval Hospital
Unit 2. The Navy used park buildings in Unit 2 as hospital wards,
nurses dormitories, and administrative offices. Establishment
dates for Naval Hospital Units 4 & 5 are not known but are
expected to have
been in 1944.
Unit 4 was 7.8 acres in size and occupied
27 to 30 buildings (primarily barracks) that were used in the
earlier stages of World War II by Army enlisted men and Women's
Army Corps (WAC)
personnel. In 1944 these barracks were remodeled for use as the
Navy's Contagion Unit, also known as the Rehabilitation Unit.
Unit 5 was 2.6 acres in size and occupied 9 buildings which were
also formerly used by the Army.
Six of the Unit 5 buildings were used
as baggage rooms; the other three were used for maintenance and
hospital corps quarters. The Navy is known to have occupied certain
buildings of Units 2, 4, and 5 under lease from existing tenants.
Most Balboa Park properties used by the Navy were returned to
the City of San Diego on 1 October 1946. The Navy continued to
occupy at least some Unit 2 buildings until 1948.
Many of the buildings of Unit 2 still
exist and are used for museum and park facilities. Buildings
associated with Units 4 and 5 have all been removed and these
areas are now covered with grass and trees.