Soldiers of the Maintenance
Section, 1113th Transportation Company take a break outside their
The Department of the Army Federalized
12 California Army National Guard units and 1,259 soldiers for
these operations. Ten units were deployed to Southwest Asia,
one to Germany, and one to Fort Bliss, Texas.
Of the mobilized California Army Guard
units, 100 percent deployed within 45 days of call-up. Fifty
percent of the units deployed within 30 days and 8 percent within
20 days. A more meaningful readiness indicator is the number
of days units needed to reach validation after arriving at their
mobilization stations. This number is more realistic because
units were often not deployed immediately after validation. Deployment
from mobilization stations was often delayed for a variety of
reasons: nonavailability of aircraft, awaiting sealift of equipment,
or guidance from warfighting commanders-in-chief. Of the California
Army Guard units mobilized, 25 percent were validated within
10 days, 50 percent within 20 days, and 25 percent within 30
days. The longer periods were due to the large quantities of
trucks and equipment assigned to its units.
The 12 California Army National Guard
units called to Active Duty performed a myriad of missions. Regardless
of where they were assigned, California Army Guard units made
important contributions to the overall success of the campaign.
The following summary highlights the overseas locations and responsibilities
of each of California Army National Guard units deployed during
Headquarters Detachment, 143rd Military Police Battalion
The 143rd Military Police Battalion (Command
and Control) was called into Federal service on January 14, 1990
and deployed to Southwest Asia on February 8, 1990. It was assigned
to the 402nd EPW (Enemy Prisoner of War) Camp, 800th MP Brigade.
The 143rd was responsible for eight MP companies (six guard and
two escort), and had operational control of two other companies
from the 185th MP Battalion. This made the 143rd the largest
MP Battalion in the theater, with more than 1,300 MPs assigned.
The 143rd returned home on May 25, 1991.
Headquarters Detachment, 185th Military Police Battalion
The HHD, 185th Military Police Battalion,
Pittsburg, California, mobilized on January 17, 1991 and was
validated through its mobilization station at Fort Ord. The 185th
deployed to Saudi Arabia on February 7, 1991 and was assigned
to the 800th MP Brigade, 22nd Support Command. The unit was constituted
as a combat support military police battalion, but was utilized
as a command and control battalion. The 185th returned home on
June 10, 1991.
Headquarters Detachment, 185th Transportation Battalion
The HHD, 185th Transportation Battalion,
Fresno, was mobilized on November 29, 1990. The advance detachment
moved to the Fort Ord Mobilization Station on November 30, 1990,
and the main body followed on December 5, 1990. On January 4,
1991, the 47-soldier unit deployed by air to Southwest Asia and
was assigned to the 22nd Support Command. The 185th controlled
five medium truck companies which compiled a total of 825,025,158
ton-miles during operation Desert Shield/ Desert Storm. The unit
returned home on July 6, 1991. The Battalion was commanded by
Lieutenant Colonel Steve Chambers.
The 224th Transportation Detachment (Movement
Control), the smallest unit in the California National Guard,
was a four-soldier detachment. Essentially a traffic control
unit, the 224th was activated on September 21, 1990 and deployed
to Saudi Arabia on October 3, 1990. The 224th was assigned to
the 330th Movement Control Center, I st Corp Support Command
(Airborne) and operated on various main supply routes. The unit
regulated and controlled highway traffic within the forward combat
area. While performing this mission, the unit was required to
conduct operations forward of major combat units. The 224th returned
home on April 21, 1991. The Detachment was commanded by Captain
The 270th Military Police Company, Sacramento,
California, mobilized on December 6, 1990 and deployed to its
mobilization station on December 10, 1990. The 270th was validated
on December 21, 1990 and deployed to Saudi Arabia on January
19, 1991 with 141 soldiers. The unit deployed into Dhaharan Royal
Saudi Air Force Base where it was assigned to the 210th Military
Police Battalion, 89th Minitary Police Brigade and provided security
inside the airbase as well as mobile security. The unit returned
home on June 3, 1991.
The 649th Military Police Company (Camp
San Luis Obispo and Alameda, California), was called into Federal
service on January 3, 1990. It conducted its mobilization validation
training at Fort Ord and deployed to Southwest Asia on February
3, 1990. The company moved to Hafar al Batin to conduct enemy
prisoners of war operations at the 402nd EPW Camp, assigned to
the 143rd MP Battalion, 800th MP Brigade. The unit returned home
on May 25, 1991.
The 970th Military Police Company, from
San Mateo and San Rafael, was mobilized on December 6, 1990 and
moved to its mobilization station at Fort Ord for validation.
On January 9, 1991, the 970th deployed to Saudi Arabia where
it was assigned to the 403rd EPW Camp, 143rd MP Battalion, California
Army National Guard. Prior to the beginning of the Allied ground
offensive, the 970th provided exterior security for the EPW Processing
Center, 403rd MP Camp. The unit also relieved each of the Guard
companies and provided exterior security for the EPW main compound
enclosures. During its deployment, the 970th conducted several
EPW transport missions, moving prisoners between the 401 st and
403rd EPW Processing Centers.
Unit (Supply, Optical and Maintenance) (MEDSOM)
The 980th MEDSOM, a Sacramento unit, was
Federalized on December 6, 1990. The advance party reported to
the Fort Ord Mobilization Station on December 9, 1990 with the
unit's main body and equipment following two days later.
The 980th arrived in Saudi Arabia on December
28, 1990 and began joint operations with the 47th MEDSOM, a III
Corps Active Component unit from Fort Hood, Texas.
The unit's contributions were wide and
varied and included the following: Supplying 50 major theater
medical units and 550 different customers, processing more than
300,000 customer requests, controlling $66 million of medical
supplies, maintaining more than 4,200 different medical items,
the issuing of $7 million of controlled substances, shipping
more than 20,000 pallets, fabricating more than 48,000 corrective
lenses, performing more than 1,800 eye examinations, and providing
medical supplies to Kurdish, Kuwaiti, and Iraqi refugees.
The unit was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel
The 1113th Transportation Company, Sacramento,
was mobilized for Federal service on September 27, 1990. After
training at Fort Ord, it departed from Travis Air Force Base
and arrived at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia on November 3, 1990. The
unit was assigned to the 1st Area Support Group, 22nd Support
During Desert Shield/Desert Storm, the
1113th drove over 1.7 million miles and delivered more than one
million tons of cargo, including equipment required for the peace
talks in Iraq. The 1113th was welcomed home on May 11, 1991.
The company was lead by Captain Larry
Smith and First Sergeant John Scriven.
The 2668th Transportation Company, Fresno,
California, was mobilized on September 20, 1990 with 129 personnel.
The unit arrived in Saudi Arabia on November 3, 1990. During
Desert Shield, the unit transported 20,730 tons of cargo, moved
13,467 personnel and drove 524,264 accident-free miles. During
Desert Storm, the unit drove 337,861 accident-free miles. The
2668th Transportation Company returned home on April 25, 1991.
The company was commanded by Captain Janette
The 870th Military Police Company, with
armories in Pittsburg and Placerville California was mobilized
December 6, 1990 and was
validated at the Presidio of San Francisco.on December 21, 1990,
the 150-soldier unit deployed to Germany and replaced the 66th
MP Company that deployed to Southwest Asia. The company was assigned
to the 21st Theater Army Area Command and was based at Karlsruhe,
near the French border in the German state of Baden-Wurttemburg.
The 870th provided security at the North Sea port of Bremerhaven
and for ammunition trains in France. The unit returned to Travis
Air Force Base in May 1991 traveling in two increments. The 870th
was released from active duty at home station on May 16th and
June 8, 1991.
Company (Air Ambulance)
The 126th Medical Company, headquartered
at Mather Air Force Base in Sacramento, was mobilized in November
1990 and deployed to Fort Bliss, Texas, and Fort Sam Houston,
The Air Ambulance unit provided evacuation
support to military installations and surrounding communities.
During its deployment, the 126th Medical Company supported U.S.
Army operations in Honduras. Three aircrew members of the 126th
Medical company were killed when their helicopter crashed while
on a night medical evacuation mission in mountainous terrain.
The 126th returned to its home at Mather Air Force Base on July
Jackson (2668th Transportation Company) and Margarita Perez (224th
Transportation Detachment ) upon their return to California.