California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Sacramento Cadets

Official or Other Titles:
Sacramento Cadets
Location: Sacramento, Sacramento County
Mustered in: June 1, 1856
Date of Disbanding: 1857
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1856-1857
Unit papers on file at the California State Archives
a. Organization Papers 3 documents (1856)
b. Bonds 1 document (1857)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 3 documents (1856)
d. Election Returns none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns none
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices none
j. Requisitions none
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none

Commanding Officers

Edwin A. Sherman, Captain (Elected June 13, 1856)
George L. Prentice First Lieutenant (Elected June 13, 1856).

Official History

The Sacramento Cadets were organized June 13, 1856, by a group of fifty-eight young men between the ages of eighteen and twenty-five years as a company of Light Infantry, it having been the intention to change at a later date to Light Artillery. The young men composing the unit were ambitious and impatient to become an active force in the development of the California Militia. Edwin A. Sherman, who was elected Captain of the company was the nephew of Captain Sherman of the "Flying Artillery" who served with distinction in the war with Mexico under General Worth. A.Watson another youth active in the formation of the company was a cousin of Colonel W. H. Watson of the "Baltimore Battalion" who fell at the head of his command at the Battle of Monterrey during the war with Mexico. There could be no doubt of the patriotic zeal of these young men, and it is to their credit that they endeavored honestly and sincerely to procure equipment and be mustered in as a unit of the State Militia. A Bond in the sum of $2,500 was posted and numerous requests for arms were made to both the Quartermaster-General and the Governor., but owing to the scarcity of arms at that time it was impossible to supply the equipment requested.

Several recruits were added to the company rolls, (men more advanced in years and who had served in the Mexican War) but there is no record indicating that the company ever received the equipment they so desired. Also there were no records to show that commissions were ever issued to the officers elected at the organization meeting June thirteenth of the same year. The members became impatient and it must be assumed that the organization was soon disbanded by mutual consent, as the latest date appearing in the documents on file was on January 7, 1857.

This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library