California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Santa Barbara Guard
Assigned to: Santa Barbara Guard, 1st Brigade
Location: Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara County
Mustered in: January 16, 1854
Mustered out: 1856
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1853-1857

Commanding Officers

William W. Twist, Captain, Commissioned: January 16, 1854
E. B. Williams, First Lieutenant, Commissioned: January 16,1854
Unit papers on file at the California State Archives

a. Organization Papers 1 document (1853)
b. Bonds 1 document (1853)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 14 documents (1853-1857)
d. Election Returns 2 documents (1853-1854)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 2 documents (1853-1854)
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 2 documents (1854)
j. Requisitions 1 document (1854)
k. Resignations 1 document (1854)
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none
8. Miscellaneous:

The Santa Barbara Guard was.organized on January 16, 1854, at which time considerable lawlessness was prevalent in that region.

The Indians were also causing considerable anxiety to the inhabitants and the situation existing in the city was one of emergency. Upon the election of officers of the Santa Barbara Guard, Adjutant General Kibbe immediately forwarded arms to the unit, and the question of satisfactory bonds was settled later: .

The officers of the new company were William W. Twist, Captain, and E. B. Williams, First Lieutenant. The papers and records on file fail to indicate any specific activity on the part of the company, but there was: no doubt, but what they saw action in the year that they were in existence.

On September 21, 1854, Captain Twist tendered his resignation to Governor Bigler and as there were no other letters, or communication on file regarding this company, it was assumed that the unit was disbanded after being in existence for about a year.

This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library