California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Santa Barbara Mounted Riflemen
Official title: Santa Barbara Mounted Riflement, 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, California Militia
Location: Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara County
Mustered in: January 6, 1854
Mustered out: 1856
Commanding Officers
Henry Carnes, Captain, Commissioned: January 6, 1854
C. R. V. Lee, First Lieutenant, Commissioned: January 6,1854
Unit papers on file at the California State Archives:

a. Organization Papers 1 document (1854)
b. Bonds 1 document (1854)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 15 documents (1854-1861)
d. Election Returns none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 1 document (1854)
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 2 documents (1854)
j. Requisitions 2 documents (1854)
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none
The Santa Barbara: Mounted Riflemen consisted of seventy men and was organized January .6; 1854 after the Federal Government had authorized the Governor of California to issue a call for volunteers for the express purpose of maintianing law and order as the Indians were giving much trouble to the emigrants coming into the State of California.
The principal duties.of the-Mounted Rifle company consisted.of patrolling the trails and acting,as escorts to the trains of covered wagons:through.hostile territory and giving armed protection in case of.Indian raids. No reports were ever sent in to the Adjutant General's Office regarding their activities, and the only official record available concerning this company
was. their list of officers and organization date sent in with a Bond of $2,500 as security for their rifles and accoutrements.
Many companies such as the Mounted Rifles were organized and after their active service was over were placed in reserve to be called upon by the local Sheriff in case of need. This seems to have been the case of the Santa Barbara Mounted Riflemen, for no further record of the company was found. In the year 1856 the Santa Barbara Mounted Riflemen was believed to have disbanded and their arms placed in the hands of the Sheriff of Santa Barbara County.(1)

(1) Adjutant General Report 1860, page 32
Updated 25 January 2015