California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Trinity Guard
Assigned to: Trininty Guard, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division, California Militia
Location: Weaverville, Trinity County
Organized: July 20, 1854
Mustered Out: 1861
Unit papers on file at the California State Archives:
a. Organization Papers 1 document (1858)
b. Bonds 1 document (1858)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) none
d. Election Returns none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 2 documents (1857-1858)
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices none
j. Requisitions none
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none
Commanding Officers
Edward A. Rowe, Captain, Captain, Date of Rank:July 20, 1854, Commissioned: June 5, 1854
F. S. McKenzie, First Lieutenant, Date of Rank:July 20, 1854, Commissioned: June 5, 1854


C. E. Williams, County Judge of Trinity County on July 10, 1854, appointed John Martin to:superintend a meeting in the town of Weaverville, which was being held to organize a company of volunteer militia. On July,20, 1854, the company designated as the Trinity Guard; was duly organized and mustered into the service of the State under the command of Captain Edward Rowe.

On July 21, 1854 'the officers of the Trinity Guard posted a $2,500 penal Bond, and in return the company received from the State fifty muskets and accoutrements.

There was only a meager source of information concerning this unit's activities. On December 5, 1855, a fire broke out in the St. Charles Hotel, in Weaverville, and in a short time the Trinity Guard Armory ignited from the blaze and because of the rapid progress of the fire every species of property in the Armory was destroyed including their arms and accoutrements. (1)

It is thought that shortly after the fire, because of the loss of equipment, the Trinity Guard disbanded by mutual consent, as the Adjutant General's Report for April 1861, lists them as disbanded.(2)


(1) Adjutant General Report, 1850-1863, page 172, 173.
(2) Adjutant General Report, 1850-1863, page 53.


This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library