California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Volcano Guard
Official or other titles: Volcano Guard, 4th Brigade, California Militia
Location: Volcano, Amador County
Mustered in: January 27, 1858
Mustered out: 1861
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1858-1861

Papers on file at the California State Archives:
a. Organization Papers 3 documents (1858)
b. Bonds none
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 8 documents (1858-1861)
d. Election Returns none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 1 document (1858)
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices none
j. Requisitions none
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none

Commanding Officers

L. Rynerson, Captain, Elected January 27, 1858; Commissioned April 30, 1858
L. S. Scott, First Lieutenant, Elected January 27, 1858; Commissioned April 30, 1858
Official History

The Volcano Guard was organized in Volcano, Amador County, January 27, 1858, under the command of Captain Rynerson. This company was composed of sixty-five loyal men. Due to a lack of arms in the State this unit was never properly equipped during its three year existence.

Volcano was the location of rich gold deposits but by 1860 the deposits were completely worked, and many residents began to migrate to other mining towns. L. S. Scott, First Lieutenant of the company, wrote a letter to the Adjutant-General, June 24, 1861, stating that the Volcano Guard was virtually disbanded as that not more than fifteen members.of the company remained in Volcano.

There are no records indicating that this company was mustered out of service, and it is assumed that the remaining members of the Volcano Guard went into the new Volcano Blues a volunteer military company which was organized July 31, 1861.

This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library
Updated 15 January 2015