Historic California Posts, Camps, Stations and Airfields
Camp Kearny
(San Diego County)
Camp Kearny was established July 18, 1917, named in honor of Bigadier General Stephen Watts Kearny who led the Army of the West to San Diego in 1846. It was one of 32 new camps created in May 1917, each designed to house 40,000 troops with 1200 buildings and tents on 10,000 acres. Most of Camp Kearny’s soldiers lived in tents, as more than 65,000 men trooped through the camp on their way to World War I battlegrounds. After the war, the camp was used as a demobilization center.
During this period, the 40th Division (now the 40th Infantry Division) was formed from units of the National Guards of California and other southwestern states.

Camp Kearny was located 11-1/2 miles north of San Diego on 12,721 acres and gave its name to the surrounding mesa. It cost $4.5 million to build and ended October 31, 1920. The site of Camp Kearny is now
Marine Corps Air Station Miramar.
Extract, Order of Battle of United States Land Forces in the World War (1931-1949)
History: Named in honor of BG Stephen Watts Kearny, USA, who commanded an expedition to California during the War with Mexico which established possession of much of this territory for the United States. Established 18 July 1917 to serves as a trainng camp for the 40th Division (National Guard) which occupied the camp from July 1917 until July 1918. Construction started 24 July 1917 and lasted throughout 1918.
About 5,000 National Guard troops from Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah arrived 1-30 September 1917. The first inducted men reported 1-15 October 1917, the last 1-5 November 1918. Approximate numbers received from the states and other sources:
Designated as a demobilization center 3 December 1918. Ordered salvaged 30 January 1919. Abandoned 31 October 1920.
Description: Temporary camp, located near Linda Vista, San Diego, 11-1/2 north of the city of San Diego.
  • Camp/Base Hospital: Temporary tent hospital organized 1 September 1917, frame buildings occupied November-December 1917. Treated all cases arising on the camp as well a medical, surgical and venereal cases from overseas.
  • Officers' Training School:
  • Demobilization Center: Approximately 16,600 processed.
  • Size and Capacilty:
    Command Status: Commanding officer reported directly to the War Department. The camp commander also exercised jurisdiction of general courts martial until 24 September 1919.
    Army Units Assigned to Camp Kearny

     Data Source


    Order of Battle of United States Land Forces in the World War (1931-1949)
    World War I
    Station Complement
    Auxiliary Remount Depot 330
    Bakers and Cooks School
    Base Hospital
    Camp Headquarters
    65th Depot Brigade
    Development Battalion
    Engineer Depot Detachment 434
    Fire Truck and Hose Company 337
    Machine Shop Truck Unit 332
    Medical Supply Depot
    Ordnance Depot Company 13q
    Provost Guard Company
    Salvage Unit
    Signal Supply Detachment
    Utility Detachment
    16th Division
    Mobilizing for overseas deployment: All units (less 46th Machine Gun Battalion and 216th Engineer Train).
    Demobilizing upon redeployment: All units (less 21st and 32nd Infantry Regiments, 46th Machine Gun Battalion and 216th Engineer Train)
    Garrison duty: 21st and 32nd Infantry Regiments
    40th Division
    Mobilizing for overseas deployment: All units
    Demobilizing upon redeployment:
    Headquarters and Headquarters Troop
    Headquarters, 79th and 80th Infantry Brigades
    160th Infantry Regiment
    115th Trains Headquarters and Military Police
    115th Supply Train
    96th Division
    Mobilizing for overseas deplyment and demobilizing upon redeployment:
    Headquarters, 171st Field Artillery Brigade
    321st Ammunition Train
    102nd Division
    Mobilizing for overseas deplyment and demobilizing upon redeployment: 29th Trench Mortar Battery
    Nondivisional Units
    55th Ammunition Train
    Base Hospitals 35 and 96
    Mobile Ordnance Repair Shop 115
    Bakery Companies 35, 339, 348, 372 and 405
    25th Battalion, US Guards