- California State Military
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State Military Museum
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- Camp Haan
- (Camp Haan Quartermaster
Developed in November 1940 as a Coast Artillery Antiaircraft
Replacement Training Center on property adjacent to March Army
Air Field, Camp Haan was opened in January 1941.The military
reservation, a trapezoidal area about four miles long and three
miles wide, comprised some 8,058 acres, and was named in honor
of Major General William George Haan, Coast Artillery Corps,
who had a very distinguished Army career during World War I and
was awarded a number of American and foreign government decorations.
- At first it was mostly a tent camp, but
permanent wooden barracks and other buildings were added. By
October of 1941, the Camp had 353 buildings, 2,459 floor tents,
6 exchanges, 5 chapels, a hospital, 18 miles of sewers, and 28
miles of streets. By November 1941 most of the men who trained
here had been assigned to coastal defenses in the Los Angeles
and San Francisco Bay area. When the attack came on Pearl Harbor
a month later, and fears of an invasion of the U.S. west coast
were at their height, it would have been these men who would
have been our first line of defense had it happened.
- In March 1942 Camp Haan was reorganized
as an Army Service Depot and in late 1942 a prisoner of war camp
was built here for 1,200 Italian Prisoners of War. The PWs worked
at Camp Haan and in the surrounding citrus orchards. In April
1945, German POWs arrived at Haan to replace the Italians. Later
in the war Camp Haan had an 800-bed debarkation hospital which
received wounded coming in from the Pacific theaters of operation.
The Southwest Branch, U.S. Disciplinary Barracks, was also authorized
for activation at this post.
- At its peak, Camp Haan had a population
of 80,000 people. After the war the camp became a separation
center and on August 31, 1946 was closed. Many of the wooden
buildings were sold and moved to other locations and the land
was divided. Parcels went to March Field and to create the Riverside
National Cemetery on Van Buren Boulevard.
Land was also used for a housing development, Arnold Heights,
named after General of the Army, "Hap" Arnold. Some
of the land remains unused and a number of building foundations,
streets and sidewalks can be seen from State Route 215.
Haan Quartermaster Depot (Classification)
- A subpost of Mira Loma Quartermaster Depot
(later Mira Loma Air Force Station) in San Bernardino, this activity
is recorded in the List of Military Posts Camps and Stations
in the Continental United States as of 6 November 1945.
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