California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Jesus Maria Guard
Assigned to: Jesus Maria Guard, 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, California Militia
Location: Jesus Maria, Calaveras County
Organized: September 1854
Mustered Out: 1857
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1854-1861

Papers on file at the California State Archives:
a. Organization Papers 1 document (1854)
b. Bonds none
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 7 documents (1854-1861)
d. Election Returns 3 documents (1854)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns none
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 3 documents (1854)
j. Requisitions none
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none
Commanding Officers
Arnold C. Lewis,, Captain, Captain, Date of Rank: September, 1854, Commissioned: September, 1854
Nathan P. Holmes, First Lieutenant, Date of Rank: September, 1854, Commissioned: September, 1854
Official History

The corps was organized after the disbandment of the First Calaveras Guard, for the purpose of protecting the citizens of Calaveras and community from violent.acts of a large foreign population; and also to render aid to the civil authorities in collecting County and State revenue. The Chileans were particularly numerous in that section of the country and murders and robbery were common occurrences. In February 1853 prior to the organization of the company, Captain Lewis sent a hurried appeal to General Kibbe for arms.

Under date of November 16, 1854, Captain Lewis informed General Kibbe by letter of a shortage in the recently received arms and accoutrements, and wished to have the remaining items forwarded as quickly as possible. However, in 1856 these arms were returned to Sacramento when trouble arose between the State authorities and the vigilance committees. After the unit's arms were retrieved by the State and as the foreign element had become peaceful, it is assumed members of the company lost interest in there military organization which was no longer necessary for protection. Therefore, the Jesus Maria Guard was disbanded and while there is no official mustering out date, this action occurred during the year 1857.


This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library
Updated 15 January 2015